Scientists have used a highly specialized and new tool to identify a key membrane protein in human urine that can tell if a patient has a brain tumor. Membrane proteins are proteins that either form biomembranes or are capable of binding to or crossing these biomembranes.
A protein used to detect brain cancer could reduce the need for invasive tests to find tumors and increase the chances of detecting tumors at an early stage so that they can be removed surgically, according to a study. Can go
The study states that this research from Japan's Nagoya University may have potential implications for the detection of other types of cancer. This study has been published in the journal 'ACS Nano'.
Cancer patients' chances of survival increased
In recent times, due to the early detection of many types of cancer, the chances of survival of cancer patients have increased. However, there has been no change in the survival rate of people with brain tumors over the past 20 years. The main reason for this could potentially be late detection.
According to the study, a possible indication of a person suffering from a brain tumor is the presence of tumor-related extracellular vesicles (EV) in their urine.
It states that EVs are micro-sized cells that are involved in several functions, including cell-to-cell communication. Since these EVs found in brain cancer patients contain specific types of RNA and membrane proteins, they can be used to detect cancer.